Essential Documentation for Palm Oil Export from Indonesia

Essential Documentation for Palm Oil Export from Indonesia

Essential Documentation for Palm Oil  – Indonesia is one of the world’s largest producers of palm oil, a vital commodity used in various industries including food, cosmetics, and biofuels. Exporting palm oil from Indonesia involves navigating a complex landscape of regulations, certifications, and documentation requirements. Ensuring compliance with these requirements is critical for a smooth export process. This comprehensive guide outlines the essential documentation needed for palm oil export from Indonesia, providing detailed insights to help exporters streamline their operations.

1. Export License

To legally export palm oil from Indonesia, companies must obtain an Export License (Surat Izin Usaha Perdagangan – SIUP). This license is issued by the Ministry of Trade and certifies that the company is authorized to engage in international trade. The process of obtaining this license involves:

  • Company Registration: Registering the company with the Ministry of Trade.
  • Document Submission: Submitting necessary documents such as the company’s deed of establishment, taxpayer identification number (NPWP), and company domicile certificate.
  • Verification: Undergoing verification and inspection by relevant authorities.

2. Product Registration For Export

Before exporting palm oil, the product itself must be registered with the National Agency of Drug and Food Control (BPOM). This step ensures that the palm oil meets Indonesia’s safety and quality standards. The registration process includes:

  • Product Analysis: Conducting laboratory tests to ensure the product’s safety and quality.
  • Documentation: Providing detailed product information, including ingredients, production processes, and packaging details.
  • Approval: Receiving approval from BPOM, which is mandatory for all food products exported from Indonesia.

3. Export Declaration (PEB)

The Export Declaration (Pemberitahuan Ekspor Barang – PEB) is a crucial document required for the export of any goods from Indonesia. This declaration is submitted electronically through Indonesia’s national single window (INSW) system. Key elements of the PEB include:

  • Exporter Details: Information about the exporting company, including the Export License number.
  • Product Details: Detailed description of the palm oil, including quantity, weight, and value.
  • Shipping Information: Details about the shipment, including the destination country, shipping method, and estimated date of departure.
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4. Certificate of Origin (COO) For Export

The Certificate of Origin (COO) verifies that the palm oil being exported is produced in Indonesia. This document is essential for benefiting from preferential trade agreements and reducing import duties in the destination country. The COO is issued by authorized bodies such as the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KADIN) and involves:

  • Application: Submitting an application form along with supporting documents such as the PEB and commercial invoice.
  • Verification: The issuing authority verifies the authenticity of the information provided.
  • Issuance: Once approved, the COO is issued, certifying the Indonesian origin of the palm oil.

5. Phytosanitary Certificate

For countries that require it, a Phytosanitary Certificate is necessary to certify that the palm oil products are free from pests and diseases. This certificate is issued by the Indonesian Agricultural Quarantine Agency after a thorough inspection of the products. The process includes:

  • Inspection Request: Filing a request for inspection with the Agricultural Quarantine Agency.
  • Product Inspection: Conducting an inspection to ensure compliance with the phytosanitary standards of the importing country.
  • Certificate Issuance: Issuing the Phytosanitary Certificate once the product passes the inspection.

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6. Halal Certification

Given that Indonesia is a Muslim-majority country, many palm oil products are required to have Halal Certification to meet both domestic and international market demands. This certification is issued by the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) and involves:

  • Application Submission: Providing details about the product, ingredients, and production process.
  • Audit and Inspection: Undergoing a rigorous audit of the manufacturing process to ensure compliance with Halal standards.
  • Certification: Receiving the Halal Certificate upon successful completion of the audit.

7. Commercial Invoice and Packing List

The Commercial Invoice and Packing List are essential documents in the export process. These documents provide detailed information about the transaction and the goods being shipped. They include:

  • Commercial Invoice: Lists the buyer and seller details, product description, quantity, price, terms of sale, and payment terms.
  • Packing List: Provides detailed information about the packaging of the goods, including the number of packages, weight, dimensions, and contents.
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8. Bill of Lading

The Bill of Lading (B/L) is a vital document issued by the carrier to acknowledge receipt of the cargo. It serves as a contract of carriage and a title document. Key details in a Bill of Lading include:

  • Shipper and Consignee Information: Details of the exporter and importer.
  • Cargo Description: Detailed description of the palm oil being shipped.
  • Shipping Details: Information about the vessel, port of loading, port of discharge, and shipping route.
  • Terms and Conditions: Terms governing the shipment and responsibilities of the carrier.

9. Insurance Certificate

To protect against potential risks during transit, obtaining an Insurance Certificate is crucial. This document provides coverage for the palm oil shipment against damages, loss, or other perils. It typically includes:

  • Policy Details: Information about the insurance policy, coverage amount, and policyholder.
  • Cargo Description: Description of the goods covered by the insurance.
  • Coverage Terms: Terms and conditions under which the insurance is applicable.

10. Export Tax and Duties Documentation

Exporters must comply with Indonesia’s tax and duty regulations. Documentation related to export taxes and duties includes:

  • Tax Payment Receipts: Proof of payment of applicable export taxes and duties.
  • Customs Declarations: Documents confirming that all necessary customs procedures and payments have been completed.


Exporting palm oil from Indonesia requires meticulous attention to documentation and regulatory compliance. By ensuring that all necessary documents are in order, exporters can facilitate smooth and efficient transactions, thereby enhancing their competitiveness in the global market. Adhering to these documentation requirements not only ensures legal compliance but also builds trust with international trading partners.

Indonesia Customs website here.
Collection of Indonesia customs consultations here.

Topic: Palm Oil Export, Indonesia Export Documentation, Export License, Product Registration, Export Declaration, Certificate of Origin, Phytosanitary Certificate, Halal Certification, Commercial Invoice, Packing List, Bill of Lading, Insurance Certificate, Export Taxes, Export Duties, Essential Documentation for Palm Oil

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