Licensing to Start Export and Import Business in Indonesia

Licensing to Start Export and Import Business in Indonesia

In managing businesses, both individuals and legal entities must obtain various permits to operate legally. There are two groups of permits that need to be prepared: mandatory legality permits and additional permits for specific commodities for entrepreneurs engaging in export and import activities. This article will delve into the types of permits and procedures required to obtain them.

Mandatory Legality Permits Required

1. Company Establishment Deed and Its Ratification at the Ministry of Law and Human Rights (Kemenkumham)

The company establishment deed is a document declaring the establishment of a company. This deed is created by a notary and must be ratified by the Ministry of Law and Human Rights (Kemenkumham) through the ahu.go.id website.

2. Business Identification Number (NIB)

NIB is the legal identity of a business obtained through the Online Single Submission (OSS) system. NIB also serves as customs access for import-export activities and an importer identification number (API).

3. Taxpayer Identification Number (NPWP)

NPWP is a number given to taxpayers as a taxation administration tool. NPWP can be registered online through ereg.pajak.go.id or by visiting the nearest tax office.

4. Trading Business License (SIUP)

SIUP is required for micro, small, medium, and large businesses. SIUP can be applied for online through oss.go.id or by visiting the local Investment Coordinating Board.

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Additional Permits for Export and Import

1. Export and Import Permits for Specific Commodities

For certain specific commodity goods, additional export and import permits from ministries or other agencies outside of customs are required. For example, agricultural products may require permits from the Ministry of Agriculture, while electronic products may require permits from the Ministry of Industry.

2. Importer Identification Number (API)

API is required for import activities. There are two types of API:

General Importer Identification Number (API-U): For companies importing various types of goods for resale.
Manufacturer Importer Identification Number (API-P): For companies importing goods as raw materials or capital goods for their own production needs.

3. Customs Identification Number (NIK)

NIK is required if goods imported through PT Pos or courier services have a value exceeding US$1,500.

Permit Processing Procedures

1. Processing Company Establishment Deed

The company establishment deed is processed through a notary, and its ratification is done through the ahu.go.id website.

2. Applying for NIB, SIUP, and SIUP MB

NIB, SIUP, and SIUP MB can be applied for online through oss.go.id or by visiting the local Investment Coordinating Board.

3. Registering NPWP

NPWP can be registered online through ereg.pajak.go.id or by visiting the nearest tax office.

4. Obtaining Additional Export and Import Permits

To obtain additional permits, entrepreneurs must submit applications to the relevant ministries or agencies by attaching relevant supporting documents.

Alternatives for Small Scale Operations

For small-scale exports and imports, utilizing export/import schemes through postal operators (PT Pos Indonesia) or courier services is possible. Further information on this procedure can be found on the Indonesia National Single Window (INSW) website after registering on insw.go.id.

Conclusion

Starting an export and import business requires various complex licensing preparations. From basic legality permits to additional permits for specific commodities, all must be fulfilled for the business to run smoothly and comply with applicable regulations. By understanding and following the established procedures, entrepreneurs can minimize legal risks and optimize their business operations.

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Indonesia Customs website here.
Collection of Indonesia customs consultations here.

Topic: Export, Import, Business Licensing, Indonesia, Legal Permits, NIB, SIUP, API, NPWP, Export Regulations

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